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华体会:英语词块:短语与句型一览无余之十六

企业新闻 / 2022-05-25 00:37

本文摘要:look1. look about [around](1) 环视四周。如:The man kept looking about. 这小我私家不停地环视四周。(2) 随便看,随处看。 如:A:What can I do for you, madam? 夫人,想买什么吗?B:No, I’m just looking around. 不是,只是随便看看。(3) 随处寻找。如:I’m looking about for a house. 我在找一座屋子。 (4) 仔细思量。

华体会体育

look1. look about [around](1) 环视四周。如:The man kept looking about. 这小我私家不停地环视四周。(2) 随便看,随处看。

如:A:What can I do for you, madam? 夫人,想买什么吗?B:No, I’m just looking around. 不是,只是随便看看。(3) 随处寻找。如:I’m looking about for a house. 我在找一座屋子。

(4) 仔细思量。如:Look about carefully before making the decision. 先仔细思量,然后再作决议。2. look after 照顾,照料,体贴。如:I can look after myself. 我能照顾自己。

Who is looking after the luggage? 谁在照看行李?3. look at (1) 看……,注视……。如:He looked at me and smiled. 他望着我笑了。Look at him jump [jumping]. 请看他跳。(2) 看待。

如:That’s the way I look at it. 我就是那样看待它的。(3) 思量(多用于含有否认意义的句子)。

如:They refused to look at my suggestion. 他们拒不思量我的建议。(4) 检查。如:He came to look at the drainage. 他是来检查排水设备的。

4. look back (1) 回首,追念。如:I still shudder when I look back on the past. 想起已往,我仍然毛骨悚然。(2) 停滞,畏缩,倒退(通常用于否认句)。

如:From this time on, he never looked back. 今后以后,他便不停进步。5. look down on [upon] 看不起,瞧不起。

如:You shouldn’t look down upon the poor. 你不应该瞧不起穷人。She likes tennis, but looks down on football. 她喜欢网球,但轻视足球。

6. look for (1) 寻找。如:I’ve looked for it everywhere. 我随处找过它了。

You are looking for trouble. 你是在自找贫苦。(2) 期待,指望。如:We shall be looking for an improvement in your work this term. 我们期待你这学期学习进步。

It’s too soon yet to look for results. 现在就指望有效果,未免为时过早。7. look forward to 期待,盼愿。如:We’re looking forward to hearing from you. 我们盼愿收到你的来信。

The children are looking forward to your visit. 孩子们都盼愿着你的到来。注:该结构中的 to 是介词,不是不定式符号,所以其后接动词时要用动名词,而不用动词原形。8. look in (顺便)来访。

如:Why don’t you look in (on) me next time you’re in town? 你下次进城来顺便来串串门好吗?I may look in at the party on my way home. 我回家时可能顺便到聚会处去看看。9. look into 观察,研究,相识。如:We’ll look into that right away. 我们会马上观察此事。

The police are looking into the cause of the accident. 警方正观察事故原因。10. look like(1) 看起来象。如:He looks like your brother. 他看上去象你哥哥。

What does he look like? 他长相如何?He looks like an honest man. 看来他象个老实人。(2) 好象要,似乎要。如:It looks like rain [raining]. 好象要下雨了。

He looks like winning. 好象他要赢了。11. look on(1) 旁观。如:No, I’m not playing; I’m just looking on. 不,我不打,我只是看看。

(2) 看(待)(尤指带有某种眼光或情绪等)。如:She was looked on with distrust. 人家对她总是不信任。

(3) 看作,看成(与 as 连用)。如:He looks on me as his best friend. 他把我看成最好的朋侪。

We looked on this as useless. 我们认为这个工具毫无用处。12. look out(1) 向外看。如:Don’t look out of the window. 别往窗外看。He stood at the window and looked out (at the view). 他站在窗前向外望(寓目景致)。

(2) 注意,当心,小心。如:Look out. There’s a car coming! 当心!汽车来了!If you don’t look out, you’ll hurt yourself. 你若不妥心,你会受伤的。

(3) 找出,挑选出。如:We looked out his address in, the telephone directory. 我们在电话簿里查到了他的地址。13. look over 审阅,翻阅,审察,检查。如:Would you mind looking over my exercises? 请你帮我看一下我的训练好吗?He looked her over and nodded lightly. 他上下审察她,然后微微点了颔首。

14. look through 翻阅,浏览。如:Before the meeting he looked through the reports. 开会前他把陈诉看了一遍。Look through your notes before the examination. 考试前翻翻你的条记。

15. look to 注意,卖力。如:The country must look to its defences. 这个国家必须增强防务。Look to it that this doesn’t happen again. 注意不要让这事再发生。

16. look up (1) 查阅,查找。如:Look up this word in the dictionary. 这个词查查词典吧。

(2) 探望,造访,找(人)。如:I want to look up an old friend. 我想去看一位朋侪。(3) 好转。如:Things are looking up. 情况在好转。

17. look up to 尊敬。如:I look up to my parents. 我尊敬怙恃。He is good teacher. We’ve always look up to him. 他是位好老师,我们一向尊重他。loss1. at a loss 不知所措,不知如何是好,无法(找到)。

如:I’m at a loss what to do next. 我不知道下一步怎么办。He was at a loss for work. 他无法找到事情。

I’m at a loss to know what he means. 我不懂他的意思。比力:He was at a loss for an answer. / He was at a loss how toanswer. 他不知如何回覆是好。

2. the loss of sth 某物的丢失,丢失某物。如:He told the police about the loss of his car. 他告诉警员他的小汽车丢了。Loss of health is worse than loss of wealth. 丧失康健比丢失款项更糟。

lot1. a lot (1) 很,很是。如:Thanks a lot. 多谢。I’m feeling a lot better today. 我今天感受很多多少了。

注:有时用 lots。如:He can run lots faster than me. 他跑得比我快得多。(2) 许多。如:He’s given her a lot to eat. 他给了她许多吃的工具。

There’s a lot to do before the meeting. 会前另有许多事要做。(3) 经常,经常。如:We see a lot of him these days. 这几天我们经常见到他。

They play tennis quite a lot in the summer. 夏天他们经常打网球。2. a lot of / lots of (1) 许多。如:I haven’t got a lot of time. 我时间不多。

A lot of people here have seen the film. 这儿许多人都看过这部影戏。(2) 难以……,煞费……(后接动名词)。如:That won’t take a lot of doing. 那事并不难办。His story takes a lot of believing. 他说的话难以置信。

love1. love doing [to do] sth 喜欢做某事,爱做某事。如:Children love playing [to play]. 儿童爱玩。

He simply loves finding [to find] mistakes. 他就是喜欢找茬儿。2. love sb doing [to do] sth 喜欢做某事。如:I love him reading to me in bed. 我喜欢在床上听他给我读点什么。He loves to go to the cinema and loves her to go with him. 他喜欢去影戏,而且喜欢邀她一起去。

3. would [should] love to do sth 想要(希望)做某事。如:I’d love to go with them. 我想同他们一起去。He’d love to be a policeman. 他希望当警员。

注:口语中常说 I’d love to, 表现愿意做某事。如:A:How about coming with us? 同我们一起去好吗?B:I’d love to. 我很愿意。另外注意:该结构中的不定式不能改为动名词。

若表现未曾实现的想法与希望,其后不定式可用完成式。如:I’d love to have stayed longer. 我原来想呆久一点的。4. would [should] love sb to do sth 想要(希望)某人做某事。

如:I’d love you to come. 我希望你来。We’d love the work to be done at once. 我们希望把这事情马上做了。

注:该结构中的不定式不能改为动名词。另外,若表现未曾实现的想法与希望,其后不定式可用完成式。如:I’d love you to have seen her. 我原来想让你见见她的。

5. be in love (with sb) (与某人)相爱。如:He is in love with Mary. 他与玛丽相爱。Jim and Lily are in love (with each other). 吉姆与莉莉在相恋爱。注:有时用于事物,表现“爱上”、“喜欢上”。

如:He is in love with art. 他爱上了艺术。6. fall in love with sb 爱上某人。如:She fell in love with her teacher. 她爱上了自己的老师。

注:该句型中的 fall 为终止性动词,不用于一段时间。如:他与她相爱三年了。误:He has fallen in love with her for three years.正:He has been in love with her for three years.另外,有时也用于事物,表现“爱上”、“喜欢上”。如:She fell in love with the house as soon as she saw it. 她一看到这屋子就喜欢上了。

7. give [send] one’s love to 向某人问好。如:Give my love to your parents, please. 请代问你怙恃好。Mother sends her love to you. 妈妈向你问好。

luck1. be in (out of) luck 走运(不走运)。如:I’m quite out of luck today. 我今天真倒霉。You are in luck; we have what you want. 你真走运,你要的我们都有。2. for luck 为了带来好运。

如:I always carry it for luck. 我总带着它以求吉祥。I’m giving you this ring for luck. 我送你这只戒指,是祝你好运。

3. good luck 好运气。如:I had good luck. 我运气好。

With good luck I might succeed. 如果运气好,我会乐成的。注:有时用于祈使句,表现祝愿。如:Good-bye and good luck to you. 再见,祝你好运。

Good luck tomorrow in the exam. 祝你明天考试好运。4. Luck is with sb 某人运气好。如:Luck was with us and we won easily. 我们运气真好,很容易就赢了。

注:与该句型意思相反的句型为 Luck is against sb。如:Luck was against us. 我们不走运。5. the luck to do sth 很幸运能够做某事。如:I had the luck to find him at home. 我很幸运,找他时他正在家。

He had the luck to escape death in the fire. 他在火灾中荣幸地逃过一劫。6. try one’s luck 碰碰运气。

如:He decided to try his luck in insurance. 他决议在保险业方面碰碰运气。He tried his luck at the gambling tables. 他在赌场上碰运气。

lucky1. be lucking in doing sth 很幸运。如:He was lucky in finding him. 他很幸运找到了他。She is lucky in having a good husband. 她很幸运有一位好丈夫。2. be lucky (enough) to do 很幸运做某事。

如:He is lucky to have a good wife. 他很幸运有一位好妻子。You’re lucky (enough) to be alive after the accident. 你浩劫不死可真幸运。He is lucky to have escaped being caught. 他没被抓住真是幸运。注:该结构有时表现“荣幸”。

如:He was lucky to pass the driving test. 他荣幸通过了驾驶考试。3. be lucky that-clause 很幸运……。如:It’s lucky that she’s still here. 她还是这里,真是万幸。He’s lucky I didn’t beat him. 我没有赢他是他的运气。

注:有时用于 It’s lucky for sb that-clause。如:It’s lucky for me that he has a rich friend. 他很幸运有位有钱的朋侪。D21 luckily1. luckily for sb 某人很幸运。

如:Luckily for you, I happen to have the key. 你真走运,我碰巧带了钥匙。Luckily for us, the rain held off all day. 我们很幸运,一整天都没有下雨。M make1. make a good person (thing) 成为……人(工具)。

如:He will make a good teacher. 他会成为一位好老师。If you train hard, you’ll make a good footballer. 如果你努力训练,你就会成为一名优秀的足球运发动。This coat makes a good present for my mother. 这件外套是送给我母亲的好礼物。

注:该结构中的 person, thing 要凭据差别语境选择适当词语。2. make sb (sth) do sth 使某人(某事)做某事。如:He made me repeat the story. 他要我把那事重讲一遍。

Rain makes plants grow. 雨水使植物生长。I couldn’t make my car start this morning. 今天早上我的汽车发动不起来。注:这类结构中不定式不带 to, 但在被动语态中须带 to。

如:He made me go there alone. / I was made to go there alone. 他要我一小我私家去那儿。另外,这类结构一般不能将 do 换成 doing。如:他的笑话使我们笑了。

正:His joke made us laugh.误:His joke made us laughing.3. make sb (sth) done 使某人(某事)被……。如:He tried to make his ideas known. 他设法让别人知道他的想法。She made herself [her voice] heard across the room. 他高声说话,让房间另一头的人能听得见。

When he speaks English, he can’t make himself understood. 他说英语时还不能让人听懂他的意思。4. make sb sb 使某人成为某人。

如:I want to make you my wife. 他使她成为他妻子。We made him chairman. 我们选他当主席。5. make sb sth / make sth for sb 为某人做某事物。

如:He made us coffee. / He made coffee for us. 他为我们泡咖啡。She made her daughter a dress. / She made a dress for her daughter. 她为她女儿做了件连衣裙。

6. make……into (out of)……使……成为(酿成)……。如:She made the material into a skirt. / She made a skirt out of the material. 她用那块布料做了一条裙子。

Working in the kitchen made the boy into a good cook. /Working in the kitchen made a good cook out of the boy.厨房事情使这男孩发展为一名好好厨师。注:这类结构通常可用于被动形式。如:Glass can be made into bottles. / Bottles can be made outof glass. 玻璃可做成瓶子。

Rice can be made into wine. / Wine can be made out of rice.米可以酿成酒。7. make…of (from)… 由……制成……(通常用被动式)。如:The chair is made of wood. 这椅子是用木头做的。Some paper is made from wood. 有些纸是用木料做的。

Bread is made from wheat. 面包是由小麦加工做成。注:用介词 of 和 from 的区别是:用 of 通常指在制制品中看得出原质料,而用 from 通常指在制制品中看不出原质料。有时某些制制品是否看得出原质料很难分清,则两者均可用。

如:Steamed bread is made from [of] flour. 馒头是用面粉做的。8. make for (1) 走向,往……走去。如:It’s late; we’d better make for home. 时间不早了,我们最好回家吧。As the thief opened the door, the dog made for him. 小偷一开门,狗就向他扑去。

(2) 有助于,有益于,促进。如:Early rising makes for good health. 早起有益于康健。The large print makes for easy reading. 大号字体便于阅读。9. make it (1) 实时赶到。

如:You can make it if you hurry. 如果你赶忙还可以实时赶到。We are too late; I don’t think we can make it. 我们太迟了,我想我们难以准时赶到了。He says he’ll come on time, but he’ll never make it. 他说他明天准时来,但他绝对做不到。(2) 乐成,办成。

如:He wants to make it as a writer. 他想作一名作家而一举成名。You needn’t worry; he will make it. 他不必担忧,他会办成的。10. make out(1) 明白,明确。

如:Can you make him (it) out? 你能明白他(它)吗?I couldn’t make out what he meant. 我不懂他是什么意思。(2) 看清,(委曲)辨认出。如:I can’t make out his handwriting. 我辨认不出他的字迹。

We made out three figures moving in the distance. 我们看出远处有三小我私家影在移动。(3) 填写。如:Make the check out to me. 支票上填写清楚给我。

I asked her to make out a receipt. 我叫她打了个收条。(4) 冒充,装成,声称。

如 :He made out to be ill. 他冒充生病了。He makes out that he’s younger than me. 他声称比我年轻。11. make up(1) 组成,组成,占。

如Farmers make up only 30% of the total population of the country. 这个国家的农业人口仅占30%。注:用于此义时,通常用 be made up of 这样的形式。如:The United States is made up of 50 states. 美国由五十个州组成。A car is made up of many different parts. 汽车由许多差别部件组成。

(2) 编写,创作,编辑。如:He asked us each to make up a dialogue. 他叫我们每人编一个对话。

One of our students made up the school song. 我们的一个学生创作了这首校歌。(3) 编造,捏造。如:It’s not true. He made it up. 那不是真的,是他捏造的。

The whole story is made up. 整个故事都是虚构的。(4) 息争,言归于好。如:Why don’t you make (it) up with her? 你为什么不与她和洽呢?At last they’ve made up after their quarrel. 他们争吵后终于和洽了。

(5) 弥补,赔偿,补上。如:You must make up the work you missed. 你得补上你延长的事情。We should let him make up for his mistakes. 我们应该让他将功补过。

(6) 化妆。如:She makes herself up in the morning. 她早上化妆。(7) 凑足。

如:We can’t make up the money. 我们凑不足钱。(8) 准备好,做好。如 :Bring the sheets and make up the bed. 拿床单来把床铺好。

manage1. can manage 能敷衍,能做到,拿得动,吃得下。如:Can you manage lunch on Friday? 你星期五能来吃午饭吗?Can you manage to eat with chopsticks? 用筷子吃你能行吗?The box is heavy, but I can manage (it). 这箱子很重,但我能拿得起。

Can you manage another piece of cake? 能不能再吃一块蛋糕?2. manage to do sth 设法做成某事。如:We managed to get what we wanted, somehow. 不管怎么说, 我们还是设法弄到了我们需要的工具。How did you manage to finish it so soon? 你怎么这样快就完成了?Unfortunately I didn’t manage to pass the exam. 不幸的是我未能通过考试。3. manage with (without) 用(不用)……做某事。

如:I shall be able to manage without help. 我一个能行。We can’t manage with these poor tools. 这些工具很憋脚,我们无法干活。manner1. in…manner 以……方式。

如:Do it in this manner. 照这样做它。He spoke in such a manner as to offend them. 他用这种方式讲话,以致冒犯了他们。Please fill out the form in the following manner. 请按下列方式填写表格。2. It’s bad (good) manners to do sth 做某事有(没有)礼貌。

如:It’s bad manners to talk with a full mouth. 嘴里吃着工具讲话是不礼貌的。It’s good manners to stand in line. 排队期待是有礼貌的行为。

3. the manner of doing sth 做某事的方式(方法)。如:We don’t like your manner of doing it. 我们不喜欢你这种做法。This seems rather a strange manner of deciding things. 这似乎是一种决议做事的很奇怪的方式。

many1. a good [great] many 许多。如:I read a great many English books. 我读了许多英语书。I asked her a good many questions. 我问了她许多问题。

注:其后接名词时通常不用介词 of, 可是若其后接的是代词或有限定词修饰的名词,则要用介词 of。比力:A great many of them couldn’t find work. 他们当中有许多人找不到事情。

A great many of the trees were destroyed in the storm. 这次狂风雨毁了许多树。2. as many as (1) 与……一样多。如:Take as many as you want. 你要几多就拿几多。

He didn’t get as many as he had hoped. 他没有获得他预期的那么多。注:有时其中可插有名词。如:We need as many records as possible. 我们需要尽可能多弄到一些唱片。(2) 多达,整整。

如:He has been working at his book as many as five years. 他的书整整写了五年。(3) 凡……都……(后接动词)。如:As many as came were caught. 来的人全都被抓获。

3. many a 许多。如:I have been there many a time. 我去过那儿许多次。Many a student has seen the film. 许多学生看过这部影戏。

注:其后接单数可数名词,用作主语时,谓语也用单数(只管意思上为复数)。比力:Many a boy likes swimming. / Many boys like swimming. 许多男孩子喜欢游泳。

map1. in [on] the map 在舆图上。如:Look it out in the map. 把它从舆图上找出来。Mark the place on the map. 把这个地方在舆图上标出来。

2. the map of ……的舆图。如:This is a map of China. 这是一张中国舆图。We need a map of the world. 我们需要一张世界舆图。market1. at the market 在赶集,在市场购物。

如:Mother is at the market. 母亲在市场买工具。We buy our vegetables at the farmer’s market. 我们在农贸市场买蔬菜。2. on the market (1) 上市。如:It has appeared on the market. 它已上市。

(2) 在出售,被供应。如:There isn’t much fruit on the market this time of year. 每年这个时候水果供应不多。注:有时也用介词 in。

如:Her house is on [in] the market. 她的屋子要出售。3. to (the) market 去集市,去市场。

如:She went to (the) market to buy food. 她去市场买食物。He took the cattle to (the) market. 他把牛带到市场出售。marriage1. by marriage 与婚姻有关的,由婚姻发生的。

如:He is my uncle by marriage. 他是我的姻叔(伯)父。She is my niece by marriage. 她是我的姻侄(甥女)。2. one’s marriage to [with] sb 与某人的婚姻。如:I was surprised at her marriage to her teacher. 听说她嫁给了她的老师,我感应很惊讶。

On her marriage to Mr Smith, Miss Jones became Mrs Smith. 琼斯小姐与史女士先生完婚后就成了史女士太太。My marriage with Mary is a happy one. 我与玛丽的婚姻生活很幸福。

marry1. be married (to sb) (同某人)完婚。如:Is he married? 他完婚了吗?She was married to a rich man. 她同一位有钱人结了婚。2. get married (to sb) (与某人)完婚。如:He got married last month. 他上个月完婚了。

She got married to a man from her hometown. 她同一位同乡结了婚。注:get married (to sb) 为终止性动词,不与一段时间连用。他们完婚30年了。

正:They have been married for thirty years.误:They have got married for thirty years.3. marry sb 与某人完婚。如:She married a doctor. 她同一位医生结了婚。Jane is going to marry John. 简就经嫁给约翰了。

注:不要凭据汉语意思而用 marry with [to] sb。如:误:She married with [to] a doctor. mass1. a mass of (1) 一堆,一团,一群。如:There’s a mass of stones in the yard. 庭院里有一堆石头。

I’ve a mass of letters to answer. 我有一大堆信件要回复。(2) 许多,大量。如:He spent a huge mass of treasure. 他花了大量财富。

I have a mass [masses] of work to do. 我有大量事情要做。(3) 满是,遍布着(用作表语)。如:The garden is a mass of flowers. 花园满地是鲜花。

The theory is a mass of mistakes. 这个理论错误百出。2. in the mass 总体上,大要而论,合计。

如:She says she doesn’t like children in the mass. 她说她从总体上讲不喜欢孩子。3. the mass of 大多数。如:The great mass of men consider themselves healthy. 大多数人都认为自己是康健的。

The mass of citizens supported the mayor. 大多数市民支持市长。match1. a match for sth (sb)(1) 与某事物(某人)相配。如:This tie is a good match for your suit. 这条领带和你的西装搭配得很好。

She will make a fine match for my son. 她会成为我儿子的好妻子。(2) 可以与某人(某事物)相比。如:He is no match for them. 他不是他们的对手。

They are a match for each other. 他们势均力敌。2. match sb (sth) in (for, at) 在某方面与某人(某事物)相比(相匹敌)。

如:No one can match him at chess. 下棋谁也比不上他。The hotel can’t be matched for good service and food. 这家旅馆的优质服务和鲜味佳肴是无与伦比的。

You can’t match him in knowledge of music. 你在音乐知识方面无法与他相比。3. match sb (sth) with [to] sb (sth)(1) (使)与……相配。

如:He never matches his words with his deeds. 他从来是言行纷歧。注:有时也用介词 to。

如:Something went wrong in matching supply to demand. 供需平衡出了问题。(2) (使)与……较量。

如 :I’ll match my strength with yours. 我要与你比较量气。注:此用法中的介词 with 也可换成 against。(3) (使)与……完婚。

如:I’m trying to match him with the nurse. 我正先容他与这位护士完婚。4. match with 与……相配。如:I want a tie that will match with this suit. 我想买条领带来配我这套衣服。

These ribbons do not match with your hat. 这些丝带与你的帽子不相配。matter1. a matter of (1) …… 的问题。如 :It’s a matter of life and death. 那是生死攸关的问题。(2) 约莫,或许。

如:We only had to wait a matter of (ten) minutes. 我们只等了几(10)分钟。2. It doesn’t matter. 没关系。如:A:We’ve missed the train. 我们错偏激车了。B:It doesn’t matter. There’s another one in 10 minutes.没关系,再10分钟另有一趟。

注:其后凭据情况有时可接其他身分。如:It doesn’t matter to me. 这对我没关系。

It doesn’t matter about closing the window. 关上窗子没有关系。It doesn’t matter if you come home late. 纵然你回家晚了也没关系。3. no matter 无论,不管(后接疑问词)。

如:No matter what you say, I won’t believe you. 不管你说什么,我都不会相信你。It’s not true, no matter who says so. 不管是谁那样说,那都不是真的。We’ll have to finish the job, no matter how long it take. 不管要花多长时间我们都要完成这项事情。注:从句有时可用情态动词 may。

如:No matter what happens [may happen],don’t be discouraged. 无论发生什么事,你都不要气馁。4. What’s the matter with sb (sth)? 某人(某事)怎么了?What’s the matter with her? 她怎么啦?What’s the matter with the bus? 这公共汽车怎么了?注:在 What’s the matter (with……)? 这一结构里,what 是主语,the matter 是表语 (=wrong)。因此在宾语从句中应注意其语序。

如:What’s the matter? 出什么事了?I don’t know what is the matter. 我不知道出了什么事。may1. may (just) as well 最好,还是……为好。如:You just may as well go. 你还是去的好。

There’s nothing to do, so I may as well go to bed. 没什么事做,所以我还是睡觉为好。2. may have done 可能(已经)(用于对已往情况推测)。如:He may have said so. 他也许这样说过。

He may not have known it before. 他以前可能不知道此事。比力:He may sell his house. 他也许会把屋子卖掉。He may have sold his house. 他也许已经把屋子卖掉了。

me1. Me too. 我也一样(用于肯定的情形)。如:A:I’m tired and want to have a rest. 我累了,想休息一会儿。

B:Me too. 我也一样。2. Me neither. 我也一样(用于否认的情形)。如:A:I can’t swim. 我不会游泳。B:Me neither. 我也一样(即我也不会)。

mean1. mean doing sth 意味着做某事,需要做某事。如:This illness will mean going to hospital. 得了这种病就意味着要住院。Missing the train means waiting for an hour. 赶不上火车就意味着要等一个小时。

注:有时动名词前可以有逻辑主语。如:This new order means (us) working overtime. 这一新的定单就意味着(我们)要加班加点。

2. mean to do sth 计划做某事。如:He means to be a teacher. 他计划当老师。

You don’t mean to say so! 你不是这个意思吧!He did not mean to hurt you. 他不是有意要伤害你。注:若表现未曾实现的意图或计划(意为:原来计划或原来想要),通常用已往完成时,有时在不引起误解的情况下也可用一般已往时。

如:We had meant to be early, but we got up too late. 我们原来想早点来的,但起床起迟了。I (had) meant to call on you, but I was so busy. 我本想来看你的,可是我太忙了。有时也用“meant to have+已往分词”来表现“本想计划”。如:I meant to have told you about it yesterday. / I had meant to tell you about it yesterday. 我原来计划昨天把这事告诉你的。

3. mean sb to do sth 想要(计划要)某人做某事。如:His father meant him to be a doctor. 他父亲要他当医生。We mean you to work as our spokesman. 我们想请你作我们的讲话人。

比力被动式 be meant to do sth(必须或应该做某事)。如:You are meant to take off your shoes when you enter. 进屋时应该脱鞋。He was never meant to be a teacher. 他基础不是当老师的料子。再比力 be meant for(为某一目的而摆设,适合于做某事)。

如:He was meant for [to be] a teacher. 他适合当老师(某人们要求他当老师)。These chairs are meant for guests. 这些椅子是为客人们摆设的。4. What do you mean by……? 你……是什么意思?What do you mean by saying that? 你那样说是什么意思?What do you mean by not writing me? 你不写信给我那是什么意思? means1. by…means 用……方式(手段)。

如:Only by this means can you do it well. 只有用这种措施你才气做好它。He explained to us the means by which he persuaded her to come. 他给我们说明晰他是如何说服她来的。2. by all means 一定要,千万要,固然可以。如:This plan must be realized by all means. 这个计划必须千方百计予以实现。

A:May I have one? 我可以拿一个吗?B:Yes, by all means. 固然可以。3. by means of 用……,依靠……。如:Thoughts are expressed by means of words. 思想靠语言来表达。

He has made a fortune by means of industry. 他靠勤劳致了富。4. by no means 完全不是,一点也不,绝不。如:This is by no means the first time you have been late. 这绝不是你第一次迟到了。

A:Can I leave now? 我现在可以走了吗?B:By no means. 不行。注:若用于句首,句子要倒装。如:By no means should he be left alone. 绝不能把他单独留下。

5. the means of doing sth 做某事的方式(方法)。如:But they had no means of cooking them. 可是他们没有措施来把它们煮熟。Taking a plane is the quickest means of getting there. 去那儿最快的措施是坐飞机。

There is [are] no means of learning what is happening. 发生着什么事,无法知道。注:有时也用 the means to do sth, 但不是很常见。

meantime1. in the meantime 与此同时,在此期间。如:I’ll be back in the meantime. 我将在此期间回来。In the meantime let us do the things we can. 在此期间让我们做些我们能做的事。注:这样用的 in the meantime 也可换成 in the meanwhile。

medicine1. take medicine 服药。如:Don’t take too much medicine. 不要吃太多的药。

He is always taking medicines. 他总是吃种种各样的药。Take this medicine three times daily after meals. 这种药逐日服三次,饭后服用。注:“服药”有时也用动词 have, 但不能用 eat 等。

2. a medicine for 治……的药。如:There is no medicine for curing a fool. 没有治傻瓜的药。This is a good medicine for a cough. 这是治疗咳嗽的良药。meet1. meet up (1) (偶然)晤面,遇见。

如:We met up again in Paris. 我们在巴黎又晤面了。I met up with her in the street. 我在街上遇见了她。(2) (约好)晤面,汇合。

如:Let’s meet up after the play. 咱们看完戏后再晤面。You go ahead; I’ll meet up with you at the hotel. 你先走吧,我到旅馆找你。2. meet with (1) (偶然)遇到,遭到。

如:I met (with) a friend on the bus. 我在公共汽车上遇到了一位朋侪。They met with an accident on their way home. 他们在回家的路上出了车祸。

Their plan met with the same failure. 他们的计划遭到了同样的失败。(2) 与……碰面。如:The president is to meet with the press this afternoon. 总统今天下午要会见记者。

memory1. from memory 凭影象。如:He spoke from memory. 他仅凭影象说。

The teacher asked me to recite the poem from memory. 老师要我背诵这首诗。2. have a good (bad) memory for sth 对某事影象力好(差)。如:He has a good (bad) memory for dates (faces, figures). 他对日期(面貌,数字)影象力很好(差)。

3. in memory of 纪念……。如:This library was built in memory of the scientist. 这家图书馆是为了纪念这位科学家而建的。mention1. Don’t mention it.(1) 不用谢,不客套,那里那里 (用于回覆谢谢)。

如:A:Thank you very much. 多谢你了。B:Don’t mention it. 不客套。(2) 没关系(用于回覆致歉)。

如:A:I’m sorry to hve troubled you. 对不起打扰你了。B:Don’t mention it. 没关系。2. mention doing sth 提及要做某事。

如:He mentioned seeing her often. 他提到过经常见到她。Nobody mentioned going there helping her. 没有人提到要去那儿资助她。

注:mention 后一般不接不定式。3. mention sb (sth) to sb 向某人提及某人(事)。如:He never mentioned his girl friend to me. 他从未给我提及他的女朋侪。

He mentioned to me that he had seen you. 他给我提到曾经见过你。注:mention 后一般不接双宾语,即不用于 mention sb sth。4. not to mention 更不用说,还不算。如:He can speak French, German and Japanese, not to mention English. 他会说法语,德语和日语,更不用说英语。

Ther’re ten of us ready to help, not to mention [without mentioning] the children. 我们有10小我私家愿意帮助, 还不算小孩。mercy1. at the mercy of sb (sth) 任由某人(某事)摆布或控制。如:The ship was at the mercy of the storm. 船在狂风雨中失去控制。She was not free of him and was at his mercy. 她还没有挣脱他,还受他的控制。

2. have mercy on [upon] / show mercy to [on] 对……表现同情或恻隐。如:Have mercy on us! 可怜可怜我们吧(饶了我们吧)!He has little (some, no) mercy on the poor. 他对穷人险些没有(有些,没有)同情心。He showed no mercy to [on]his enemies. 他对仇敌绝不心慈手软。

3. It’s a mercy that-clause ……,真是幸运。It is a mercy (that) the accident happened so close to the hospital. 真幸运,事故就发生在医院四周。

注:有时用于叹息句。如:What a mercy that you didn’t go! 幸亏你没去!4. out of mercy 出于仁慈。如:He spared her out of mercy. 他出于仁慈饶恕了她。

We helped him out of mercy. 我们出于仁慈资助了他。5. throw oneself on sb’s mercy 请求某人宽恕。

如:He threw himself on my mercy. 他请求我的宽恕。They didn’t throw themselves on her mercy. 他们没有向她请求宽恕。

method1. by……method 用……方法。如:We can do it by the new method. 我们可以用新方法做它。The examination is conducted by the oral method. 考试以面试方式举行。

2. the method of (doing) sth 做某事的方式(方法)。如:She tried to change the normal methods of work. 她设法要改变通常的事情方法。

Do you know any methods of teaching English? 你知玄门授英语有什么新的方法吗?注:有时用于 the method to do sth, 但较少见。middle1. in the middle (of)(1) 在……中间。

如:He got here in the middle of the night. 他半夜到达这里。He put the box in the middle of the table. 他把盒子放在桌子中央。I was right in the middle of the crowd and could see nothing. 我正在人群中间,什么也看不见。

(2) 在……历程中,正忙于……。如:He often stopped in the middle of a speech. 他经常讲话讲到一半时就停下来。I can’t help you because I am in the middle of cooking dinner. 我不能资助你,因为我正忙着做饭。

They were in the middle of dinner when I called. 我去造访时,他们正在用饭。内容计划:待满足“圈子功效与专栏功效”时,图说英语原创图文与短视频陆续对外开放。每一步前进,都离不开大家的转发与支持,接待大家,一起解锁更多精彩英语学习内容!智学英文:短视频+图说英语习得路径:拼读+跟读+阅读图说新观点+七日练音标/拼读/单词/语法仅供免费学习使用,如涉及版权,请联系予以删除。

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